DDA Side Effects Types, Risks Effects & Medical 2023
What is an ADHD medication?
Once someone is diagnosed with ADHD, doctors may prescribe medication to begin treating it. Medications do not cure ADHD. But they help improve the ability to pay attention, calm down, and have more self-control.
Why Do People Need ADHD Medication?
Not all people with ADHD need medicine. But medicine can help most people with ADHD stay focused longer, listen more, and move less.
People also benefit from therapy to learn and practice skills like staying organized, managing schoolwork, and coping with stress. Medications are not a shortcut to mastering these skills. But they help people stay focused to learn them.
How does the ADHD medicine work?
ADHD medications improve attention by helping brain chemicals work better.
Medications work on two chemicals in the brain: dopamine and norepinephrine. These chemicals affect a person’s attention and concentration.
How do people take ADHD medicine?
People with ADHD can take different medications. Everyone needs a prescription.
People typically take ADHD medication once or twice a day, depending on the medication.
Medications such as methylphenidate (some brand names include Ritalin®, Concerta®, Daytrana®, Focalin® ) and amphetamines (for example, Adderall ™ , Dexedrine ™ , Vyvanse® ).
Medicines start to work as soon as you take them. How long the effect lasts depends on the drug:
- The formulas of short duration have effect for about 4 hours.
- Long -acting formulas stay in the body for up to 12 hours. They can be helpful for people who have a long school day and need medicine to stay focused and do homework or after-school activities.
Medications such as atomoxetine ( Strattera ® ), clonidine ( Kapvay® ), and guanfacine ( Intuniv® ). Non-stimulant medications can take up to several weeks to work. They take effect for about 24 hours.
Before prescribing a medication, your healthcare team will ask if you are taking another medication. This includes over-the-counter medicines and supplements (such as vitamins and herbs). Your healthcare team also wants to know about your family’s medical history, especially if anyone in your family has or had heart disease.
Doctors usually start by prescribing a low dose of a stimulant. If you are taking a new ADHD medication or a new dose, your doctor will want you and your parents to observe and determine if the medication helps your ADHD symptoms.
People respond differently to medications. If the first drug doesn’t seem to work, even at the highest doses, then your doctor may try another drug. Some people need to take more than one ADHD medicine for best results.
What else can I do?
You and your parents should be on the lookout for side effects if you take a new ADHD medication. Your doctor will adjust the dose and how often you take the medicine based on how much medicine helps and if you have side effects.
You may need to visit your doctor several times over weeks or months to find the right medication and dosage. After this, the medical team will want to see you every 3-6 months.
It is important that you go to all follow-up visits so that the medical team can monitor your height, weight, and blood pressure. The medical team will also monitor side effects and adjust the medication dose as needed.
To prevent problems, always do these things when taking ADHD medication:
- Take the recommended dose.
- Take each medication at the indicated times.
- Talk to your doctor before you stop taking a medicine or change the dose.
- Keep all medications in a safe place, where no one else can take them.
- Do not give your medicine to anyone else.
Medication is only one part of ADHD treatment. Treatment can also include therapy, parental support, and support from the school. The medication works best when parents, teachers, and therapists help you learn social, emotional, and behavioral skills that are not easy for you because of ADHD.
Are there any risks?
Like any medication, ADHD medications can have side effects. However, not all have side effects.
The most common side effects are poor appetite and trouble sleeping. Other side effects of ADHD medications include nervousness, irritability, bad mood, headache, stomach pain, fast heart rate, and high blood pressure.
Side effects usually occur in the first few days after starting a new medicine or a higher dose. They often go away on their own after a few days or weeks as the body adjusts to the medicine.
If a side effect doesn’t go away, your doctor may decide to lower the dose or stop that drug and try another. ADHD medications only stay in the body for a few hours; therefore, the side effects go away as the medicine leaves the body.
Your medical team will give you more information about the possible side effects of the specific medications they prescribe. If you notice something that worries you, tell your parents and talk to your doctor immediately.
Some people don’t like the idea of taking ADHD medicine. But the right medicine can make a big difference. Talk to your doctor if something worries you. Ask questions. Your medical team can help you and your parents decide whether to try an ADHD medication
What are the potential side effects of taking medication? Common minor side effects of prescription drugs:
- Heart issues (palpitations, irregular heartbeats)
- Nausea and vomiting.
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Some common examples mild adverse effects related to drugs include:
- Skin rash or dermatitis.
- Dry mouth.
What medication should not be taken with lorazepam?
Lorazepam causes drowsiness, so caution should be used when combining it with other medications that cause drowsiness. These could include: Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl®) Narcotic pain medication such as morphine, oxycodone (OxyContin®), and hydrocodone (Vicodin® and Lortab®)
What home remedies can reduce side effects?
- Ask your doctor if you can take the medicine with food.
- Eat several smaller meals a day rather than two or three large meals.
- Try peppermint candy or gum. Peppermint can help settle your stomach.
- Eat bland foods, such as dry crackers or plain bread. Avoid fried, greasy, sweet, and spicy foods.
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